Ordinances are the laws of the City. City Council's are given the power to pass ordinances through state law, as long as those ordinances are not in conflict with the Constitution and the laws of the State of California or the United States. An ordinance is the most binding form of action taken by the City Council; the violation is a misdemeanor unless by ordinance it is made an infraction. With minor exceptions, ordinances are codified into the Municipal Code where they become acts of law within the City's jurisdictional boundaries.
Resolutions, while not generally carrying the full force or weight of law, constitute written action or decision of the City. Resolutions may adopted by the City Council, the Planning Commission, or the Parks and Recreation Commission.